Venous Insufficiency: Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Types & Treatments

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Venous Insufficiency: Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Types & Treatments - Best Vein Varicose Clinic in Victoria Melbourne

The legs feel okay while waking up in the morning, but as the day progresses they begin to drag. Legs become heavy, achy, and fatigued after a few hours. Swollen feet and ankles especially after prolonged car rides, travel, or standing. These are very common symptoms not to be ignored as they might be indicative of venous insufficiency that might turn out to be a very uncomfortable condition in the future.

When the valves in a person's veins don't function correctly, it's considered venous insufficiency. This indicates the veins are less capable of returning blood to the heart.

Venous insufficiency can be caused by a variety of causes, although blood clots (deep vein thrombosis) and varicose veins are the most frequent. There are easy steps you may take to reduce your odds of having venous insufficiency, even if you have a family history of the condition.

What is Venous insufficiency?

To comprehend venous insufficiency, we must first know vein function. Small, internal one-way valves in veins are designed to return used, deoxygenated blood to the heart. Lack of proper valves, insufficient veins can no longer fulfil this role effectively, allowing blood to pool in the legs. Blood may flow towards the feet rather than the heart at times. This is referred to as "reflux." Reflux can show up in multiple ways. The valves in veins are made up of two flaps that prevent blood from flowing backwards.

These are called bicuspid valves. The valves may fail to seal properly if the veins are injured or dilated. Blood will flow back into the veins instead of forward to the heart if the valves do not function properly. Blood pools in the veins, most commonly in the legs and feet, as a result of this.

Venous Insufficiency centre| MVV

Some or all of the following symptoms are common:

  • Legs, crotch, or genital areas spider and/or varicose veins
  • Leg pain
  • Legs feel heavy
  • Leg lethargy
  • Itching in the legs
  • Restlessness in the legs
  • Skin discoloration on the ankles and legs
  • Infections of the lower leg's skin (cellulitis)
  • Ankle or leg wounds that are slow to heal or do not heal at all

Causes of Venous Insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is more likely to be caused by the following factors:

  • Family history of similar vein condition
  • Blood clots
  • Varicose Veins
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Smoking habits
  • Swollen superficial veins or phlebitis
  • Prolonged sitting or standing

Venous insufficiency, a disorder characterized by high blood pressure in the veins of the legs, can be caused by venous insufficiency. This condition can also be caused by blood clots or other venous obstructions. Venous insufficiency, if left untreated, can lead to capillary anomalies in the leg tissues, resulting in ulceration, edema, and hyperpigmentation. This is a condition that causes patches of skin to darken more than usual.

Types of Venous Insufficiency

Depending on the severity of the symptoms, venous insufficiency is divided into three categories.

Stage 1. Swelling and changes in skin pigmentation characterize this stage.

Stage 2. Swelling, changes in skin pigmentation, and dermatitis characterize this stage.

Stage 3. Swelling, changes in skin pigmentation, varicose veins, and ulcers characterize this stage.

Venous insufficiency is not treated, the pressure and swelling in the legs will increase to the point where the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) will burst. The overlying skin turns a reddish-brown appearance and becomes extremely vulnerable to being damaged if bumped or scratched.

Burst capillaries can induce local tissue irritation and interior tissue damage at the very least. In the worst-case scenario, this results in ulcers, which are open sores on the skin's surface. These sores caused by venous stasis can be difficult to heal and infect. Cellulitis is a disorder that occurs when an infection is not treated and spreads to surrounding tissue.

Venous insufficiency is commonly related to twisted varicose veins and swollen veins at the skin's surface. They can happen practically everywhere, although they're most frequent in the legs.

How is Venous Insufficiency diagnosed?

A full medical history and physical exam will be performed by your doctor to diagnose Venous Insufficiency. During the physical examination, the doctor will examine your legs thoroughly. The blood circulation in your legs may be examined with a vascular or duplex ultrasound test. A transducer (small hand-held device) is put on the skin above the vein to be observed during vascular ultrasonography. Sound waves are emitted by the transducer and bounce off the vein. These sound waves are recorded, and an image of the vessel is recorded and displayed on a monitor.

Treating Venous Insufficiency

The appropriate treatment for venous insufficiency depends on the individual. The cause and symptoms of venous insufficiency, as well as the person's age and health condition, are some of these factors. The following are some of the treatments for venous insufficiency.

Nonsurgical treatment options for venous insufficiency include:

Compression Compression Stockings aid in the reduction of edema and the improvement of blood flow. If you wear compression stockings, remove them at the end of the day to wash and dry them, as well as to clean and observe your skin. Make sure the stockings are a good fit to avoid bunching. Poorly fitting elastic stockings might exacerbate your problem by obstructing blood flow in the place where they have bunched up.

Sclerotherapy is a solution that is injected directly into spider veins or varicose veins, causing them to collapse and dissolve. To get the desired results, several sclerotherapy treatments are frequently required. Sclerotherapy is a straightforward, low-cost procedure that can be done at the health clinic. Sclerotherapy can relieve the pain and discomfort of these veins while also reducing the risk of consequences like venous bleeding and ulceration. It's also commonly done for aesthetic reasons.

Endovenous Thermal Ablation is a procedure that involves the use of a laser or high-frequency radio waves to induce strong local heat in the abnormal vein. Each energy source has its technology, but in both forms, heat will close the target vessel. This procedure seals the troublesome veins while leaving them in place, resulting in minimum bleeding and bruising. Endovenous Thermal Ablation, as opposed to ligation and stripping, causes less pain, fewer complications and allows for a faster return to regular activities while maintaining equivalent cosmetic benefits.

Surgical treatment options for venous insufficiency include:

Ambulatory Phlebectomy is a minimally invasive treatment that involves making micro-incisions or needle punctures over the veins and removing the problematic veins using a very fine phlebectomy hook.

Is it possible to prevent venous insufficiency?

Follow these tips to lower your chances of acquiring Venous Insufficiency:

  • Consume a well-balanced diet.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Wearing restrictive apparel, such as tight girdles or belts, should be avoided.
  • If you are overweight, you must lose weight.
  • Avoid sitting or standing for extended periods.

To treat and to get assessed by the doctor in time before getting the condition worse is the best way to prevent or get rid of venous insufficiency. Visit Dr. Niloofar Yazdani today or visit our website to read more about her experience. Dr. Nellie has more than 17 years of experience as a medical practitioner. Dr. Nellie is known to get a great success rate. At Melbourne Varicose Vein clinic we understand your concerns and assist with all the questions you have.

Call us at +03-9885-4494 or Leave us an email at [email protected]

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