Venous Compression

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Venous Compression - Best Vein Varicose Clinic in Victoria Melbourne

Venous Compression

Venous Compression is a group of conditions in which there is external pressure on a segment of the vein. As result, it can cause blood outflow to be blocked and, in some cases, cause symptoms of vein conditions. Swelling of the legs is common in those suffering from venous compression. Venous compression occurs when veins in confined areas are compressed by other tissues nearby.

Untreated venous insufficiency gives rise to a number of consequences, including recurrent pain and discomfort, bleeding, superficial thrombophlebitis, and progressive skin abnormalities which may possibly lead to Venous Ulcer. When found early enough, treatment can be administered and the possibility of long-term problems reduced.

The most common syndromes for Venous Compressions are:

Nutcracker Syndrome

Nutcracker Syndrome occurs in the abdomen which is the compression of the left kidney vein between the aorta and mesenteric arteries. It can be without symptoms or can cause haematuria (blood in urine), flank pain, pelvic pain, and varicocele (testicular varicose veins or veins around the ovary).

Assessment and management by an expert practitioner are necessary. Some patients might not require any active treatment.

Popliteal Vein Compression Syndrome

Soft tissue around the knee could cause pressure on the popliteal vein (vein behind the knee) and cause varicose veins or venous symptoms. It can be seen in 25% of our population.

It can be without symptoms or can cause pain, swelling, varicose veins, or deep venous thrombosis (blood clot). Undiagnosed popliteal vein compression syndrome can be a cause of failed varicose vein treatment. Seeing an experienced phlebologist or vein practitioner is very important.

Assessment and management by an expert practitioner are necessary. Some patients might not require any active treatment.

May-Thurner Syndrome

Is the compression of the left iliac vein (located in the pelvic and is the common outflow tract of the lower limb extremities) between the right common iliac artery and sacrum. It can cause pain, swelling, discomfort, and deep venous thrombosis (blood clot). Assessment and management by an expert practitioner are necessary.

Venous Malformations

Venous lesion(s) present since birth consists of dilated veins that are abnormally formed. These lesions are typically seen in the skin but they can be present in internal organs, muscles, or bones. It can be from asymptomatic (without symptoms) to severe symptoms such as pain, bleeding, and discomfort.

The lesion grows as the individual grows. Malformations are complex medical issues. Depending on the size and location of these lesions they can be treated by an experienced phlebologist or health practitioner, in an outpatient setting or might require assessment and treatment by a team of specialists in the hospital.


When veins in restricted places are compressed by other structures in the body, it is known as venous compression. Treatment can be performed and the risk of long-term difficulties can be avoided when appropriately detected.

The crossing of the right common iliac artery across the left common iliac vein is a common cause of iliac venous compression, which almost invariably occurs on the left side of the body. It is also the most common type of vein lesion.

Excessive physical activity induces extrinsic compression of the subclavian vein in the costoclavicular region, resulting in venous hypertension and a stoppage of blood flow in the vein. Microtrauma to the venous endothelium on a regular basis triggers the coagulation cascade, resulting in acute thrombosis.

An increasing number of emergency physicians are using compression ultrasound (CUS) for patients with suspected symptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT). To rule out DVT, both the two-point and three-point CUS examinations are employed with high sensitivity.

Here are a few things you can do to treat vein compression:

  • Compression stockings can help to reduce and avoid swelling as well as blood clots.
  • Elevate your leg.
  • Apply warm and moist compresses.
  • Visit Melbourne Varicose Vein Clinic and consult Dr Nellie.

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