Blood circulates through veins & arteries in our body. The arteries transport oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the tissues of your body. Whereas, veins are responsible for returning oxygen-depleted blood to the heart. There is around 60-80% of blood present in your veins, which is moving back and forth to your heart. Veins push the blood from your toes towards your leg which itself is a flow against gravity.
To carry out this process, your legs have one-way valves that stop the blood flow backward. When you walk, calf muscles act as a pump that pushes the blood upwards when you lift your leg. In a nutshell, your heart circulates blood to your toes, your calf muscle returns the blood to your heart.
In your legs, you have two major vein networks that are saphenous veins which are smaller and closer to the skin. The other is deep veins which are larger and go through the core of your legs. Sometimes, this system ceases to function. It usually happens in your saphenous veins because the valves have failed to work as a one-way system. This can be the cause of some factors, including ageing, blood clot trauma, or a family history of weak valves.
When this happens, blood does not flow as efficiently up to your legs and becomes stagnant in the veins. As a result, the veins become irritated and dilate, or expand. The congested deoxygenated blood in your legs might cause problems and pain. These are known as varicose veins, and they affect 40-50% of the population. Unfortunately, more than 90% of individuals who visit their doctor for varicose veins will not get the recommended, evidence-based medication.
Is Varicose Veins a Serious Condition?
Varicose veins can bleed easily because they are so close to the skin's surface. A minor nick or scrape (or even an abrasion from clothing) might lead to a serious injury that is difficult to heal. Apply pressure to the affected area and seek medical assistance as soon as possible if this happens.
If varicose veins are left untreated it might develop venous eczema. It is a more superficial condition that causes your skin to become scaly, red, and flaky and also sometimes develops blisters. Varicose eczema is a chronic vein condition that takes a certain period to heal completely.
The blood that pools inside varicose veins is oxygen and other vital nutrients deficient. The tissue surrounding the lesion can become swollen with red blood cells, resulting in painful swelling, inflammation, and skin discoloration. If ignored for years, the skin and tissue can develop ulcers which are extremely painful and difficult to heal.
If a patient suffers from varicose vein develops superficial vein thrombosis (blood clot) then there is up to 20% chance that superficial vein thrombosis extends to deep vein thrombosis (clot).
DVT occurs when a blood clot forms in the lower leg or thigh, causing a severe obstruction of the veins and arteries. The illness is usually excruciatingly painful and must be treated right once since it can be fatal if the clot reaches the lungs. DVT is frequently reported as a "pulling" sensation in the thigh or calf muscle initially. Swelling, redness, and warmth are some of the other symptoms.
Common Symptoms of Varicose Vein
Heaviness, aching, throbbing, or sometimes burning sensation in the leg are general feelings of people in varicose vein condition. A few also complain about their experience of pins and needles or severe itchiness. Elevating your legs or wearing compression stockings can help ease these symptoms, but the root cause of the problem must be treated. The clogged, stagnant blood in your veins is harmful to your skin, causing it to itch and change its color. Wounds around your ankles might develop and in some cases, take months or even years to heal.
According to research, even mild venous conditions can have the same impact on quality of life as severe disease. Patients with vein problems may experience the same levels of body agony as those with heart failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Fortunately, treatment for this can effectively reverse the discomfort caused by varicose veins, improving your quality of life.
Varicose Vein Treatment
To treat these blocked veins, we must simply remove them and redirect blood flow back to the deeper veins in your legs. This is analogous to closing off the smaller roads with a detour signal and redirecting the flow back to the main motorway. Following are the treatment procedures that can help you get rid of vein conditions.
This method involves injecting a highly concentrated saline (salt) solution or a specifically formulated foam straight into the vein, causing the vein to fade gradually over three to six weeks. The operation is straightforward, affordable, and can be done in an outpatient setting.
Following the injection of the solution, the vein's surrounding tissue is typically covered in compression bandages for several days, causing the vein walls to adhere together. Patients who have had their legs treated are put on walking regimens, which stimulate blood to flow into other veins and prevent blood clots. The majority of people require more than one treatment session.
Endovenous Laser Ablation
This treatment is a process that involves inserting a tiny laser fibre into a vein. Laser light pulses are released inside the vein, causing the vein to collapse. The surgery is performed as an outpatient under local anesthesia.
In the vein, a tiny catheter is injected. The catheter transmits radiofrequency radiation to the vein wall, causing it to heat up, collapse, and seal close. The procedure is usually performed as an outpatient or in an office environment and is often performed under local anesthesia.
The most frequent procedure is key-hole surgery, which involves heat generated by radiofrequency waves. To inject a heating device within your vein, a small incision is made near your knee or calf. The heat seals the vein closed, preventing blood from flowing through. A cool fluid combined with anesthesia is injected into your leg before this procedure to protect and numb the tissues surrounding the varicose vein.
Varicose veins can be relieved using compression stockings. They improve circulation and are a common treatment option for varicose veins that show slight symptoms. Mild varicose veins that don't cause symptoms are not necessarily to be treated. Compression Stockings tighten at your foot and loose on the higher part of the leg. Wearing stockings during the day is commonly recommended by doctors to assist ease the symptoms.
Are these procedures painful?
The level of pain associated with each of these procedures will vary based on your overall pain tolerance, the extent of the treatments, if you have complications and other factors. You do not feel pain during surgery because it is performed under anesthesia. There may be some pain at or near the cuts when the anesthetic wears off. The amount of pain will also be determined by the size of the needle and the solution infused. The most painful solution, according to most individuals, is hypertonic saline, which causes a burning and cramping sensation for several minutes after it's injected. To reduce pain, some doctors include a mild local anesthetic with the saline solution.
Side effects of treatment for Varicose Vein
Inquire about the safety and adverse effects of each form of treatment. Read any informed consent paperwork that your doctor offers you that outlines the risks of a procedure carefully.
Other Risk Factors for Varicose Veins
Women are more likely than men to develop varicose and spider veins. They become more common as you become older. Adults that have varicose or spider veins are estimated to account for 30 to 60% of the population.
The result of varicose vein treatment
A popular adage among vascular surgeons is that a patient's eyesight improves post-surgery. This is because previous to the treatment, most people only see the larger varicosities. The smaller veins become visible after treatment. Therefore, the procedure is divided into three stages: scan, therapy, and follow-up.
Minor flare veins can be addressed with foam at the follow-up appointment to improve the overall cosmetic appearance. Patients must be diligent and trust the procedure that has shown good results in the past.
The best-suggested way to treat Varicose Vein Condition is to visit an expert doctor. Conditions might worsen and develop further if left untreated or neglected. Melbourne Varicose Vein Clinic is solely dedicated to helping patients suffering from venous diseases including unsightly varicose veins, venous ulcers, venous eczema, venous cramps, and spider veins.
Meet our expert Dr. Niloofar Yazdani for any vein conditions, she has been trained by the world's most well-known Phlebologists, Vascular Surgeons, Dermatologists, Interventional Radiologists, Plastic Surgeons, Geneticists, and Lymphatic Specialists in Australia and abroad.
Book your appointment at www.melbournevein.com.au or Call Us at your convenience for confirmation of your time slot at +61(03) 9885 4494.